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The Pathway

Pathway to Canada Target 1, biodiversity, conservation, 2020, Canadian



Introduction

Canada Target 1 is one of the 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada. It states:

By 2020, at least 17% of terrestrial areas and inland water, and 10% of marine and coastal areas of Canada are conserved through networks of protected areas and other effective area-based measures.

The Pathway to Canada Target 1 project is developing a plan to meet the terrestrial and inland water elements of the target.

The plan will be released by the summer of 2018. It will describe how conservation partners across the country will meet the target through:

  • protected areas,

  • Indigenous protected and conserved areas (IPCAs), and

  • other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs).


The Pathway Team

The Pathway initiative is led by Parks Canada, on behalf of the Government of Canada, and by Alberta Environment and Parks, on behalf of the provinces and territories.

The Pathway team includes:

 Jasper national park, photo: Layla Neufield © Parks Canada Agency

Jasper national park, photo: Layla Neufield © Parks Canada Agency

  • A National Steering Committee made up of federal, provincial, territorial and municipal government members and representatives from national Indigenous organizations.

  • An Indigenous Circle of Experts (ICE)

  • A National Advisory Panel (NAP)

  • A Local Government Advisory Group.

 Learn more about the Pathway Team.

Read the reports of the ICE and NAP.


Pathway objectives

Pathway to Canada Target 1 objectives

  • To encourage efforts among governments and land management partners to contribute to achieving Canada Target 1, including conserving at least 17% of terrestrial areas and inland waters of Canada by 2020 through protected areas, Indigenous protected and conserved areas, and other effective area-based conservation measures;

  • To develop implementation guidance for establishing and coordinating a network of terrestrial protected areas, Indigenous protected and conserved areas, and other effective conservation measures across Canada that are effectively and equitably managed, well-connected and integrated into the wider landscape, including areas of importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services and that together achieve ecological representation; and

  • To co-ordinate annual updates on progress towards achieving Canada Target 1, including the national target of at least 17% and implementation of the guidance.

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Background

In 2010, a Strategic Plan for Biodiversity was adopted at the Conference of the Parties for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). This plan includes 20 global biodiversity targets, known as the Aichi Targets, which each party to the convention has agreed to contribute to achieving by the year 2020. Canada, the European Community and the other 195 parties in this global plan were encouraged to develop their own national targets using the Aichi Targets as a guide.

In response, in 2015, Canada adopted a suite of national targets known as the “2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada”. These four goals and 19 targets cover issues ranging from species at risk to sustainable forestry to connecting Canadians to nature.

The Pathway project focuses on the terrestrial and inland waters aspects of Canada Target 1, based on Aichi Target 11.

On April 11, 2016, federal, provincial, and territorial deputy ministers for parks agreed to establish a working group to develop a plan to outline how jurisdictions can contribute to achieving Canada Target 1. Guidance will also be created for recommended best practices and indicators for measuring progress towards protecting Canada's biodiversity.

 Kananaskis Country © Alberta Parks

Kananaskis Country © Alberta Parks

The solutions associated with achieving Canada Target 1 will only be found through collaboration and collective action. In addition, many governmental departments, Indigenous peoples, communities, municipalities, private and non-profit sectors across Canada will have a significant interest and stake in the outputs from this process. During the process of developing a plan and recommended implementation guidance, an Indigenous Circle of Experts and a National Advisory Panel were formed and approval from all relevant government departments was sought.